Kaohsiung Animal Propagation Station (KHAPS) was established in 1935 and merged into Livestock Research Institute as a subsidiary organization in 1973. KHAPS was located in Fongshan city, Kaohsiung County before 1983. As development of industry and commerce, the location of KHAPS became major site for metropolis renewal in Fongshan city. Therefore, KHAPS was moved to Laopi Village, Neipu Township, Pingtung County in 1983. In 1999, KHAPS was subordinate to Council of Agriculture, Executive Yuan officially due to organizational reform, and also called as Kaohsiung Animal Propagation Station, Livestock Research Institute, Council of Agriculture, Executive Yuan.
The duty of KHAPS are technological development of Formosan Sambar deer, black pigs and native chickens on nutrition, reproductive and breeding. We also promote good quality of KHAPS black pig barrows and gilts.
Now we mainly focus on following researches:
1. Development of characteristic diets for black pigs to decrease diet cost and increase flavor of pork.
2. Breeding of black pigs containing HHaadd haplotype of Heart-Fatty Acid Binding Protein gene and homozygous Estrogen Receptor gene to improve meat quality and reproductive performance.
3. Development of two-phase solid-state fermented-probiotic soybean-feather meal on KHAPS black pigs diets to enhance growth performance and immunocompetence.
3. Establishment and promotion of Formosan Sambar deer artificial reproduction system.
4. Research on development of sexed semen and embryo transfer technology in Formosan Sambar deer industry.
5. Research on immunological activity of deer antler and its mechanism.
6. Investigation of relationship between deer velvet production and relative gene expression.
7. Development of estrous regulation technology on anestrous season of Formosan Sambar deer.
Breeding of KHAPS Black Pigs (K)
The new prolific breed of black pig had been selected for black coat from the crossbred of Meishan pig (M) and Duroc pig (D) since 1997. Over ten years and six generations of selection, the black pigs had showed the stable performance and achieved the breeding goal. It was then officially registered and named as KHAPS Black Pig.
The average reproductive performance of sows are 11.2 heads for the litter size at birth and 9.9 heads for litter size born alive. All pigs are homozygous ESR genotype (MM) and CRC anti-stress genotype (AA).
Usage and promotion
The KHAPS Black Pig has the merit and potential as the dam to produce black hogs. We recommend to cross mating with the larger and genetic stably black boars or Duroc boars to produce sound, healthy, and fast-growing hogs.
Kaohsiung Animal Propagation station is located on Pingtung County which is the most south County of Taiwan. The Pingtung County meat type chicken industry concentrates on two types of chicken farmers: broilers and colored domestic chickens. In 2015, there are approximately 100 farms feeding 2.8 million broilers and 400 farms feeding 5.5 million colored domestic chicken in Pingtung County.
The present state of deer industry
In 2015, there are about 20 thousand heads of deer in Taiwan including 85% Formosan sambar deer, and there are over 5 hundred deer ranches. The product of fresh cuts of velvet is about 26 metric ton per year and that costs 600 million NT dollars. The most important and stable income of the deer industry is fresh velvet, which harvested one time per year, and its average market price is about 25 thousand NT dollars per kilogram. The velvet belongs to expensive livestock product with high price and attached value.
Nuclear technical research and development
Establishing the technical platform of artificial insemination (AI) of the Formosan sambar deer (2006~2008). The trans-cervical artificial insemination with diluted fresh semen in Formosan sambar deer has emerged as a highly successful reproductive tool; the conception rate in excess of 70% is confidently achieved. The AI technique will be able to rapidly extend the excellent genetic resources in Formosan sambar deer.
Food Animal Breeding Research Consortium (FABRC): Establishment of reproduction system in Formosan sambar deer (2009~2016). The purpose of this study is to establish the reproduction system on anestrous season of the Formosan sambar deer. Through the artificial reproductive technology in the semen and embryo cryopreservation and development of sex identification, we will establish the reproduction and supply system in Formosan sambar deer.
Guiding and promotion
Combining the transfer and authorization mechanism of agricultural technology, we assist to train the seed teacher of artificial insemination in deer, and utilize forever the excellent genetic resources of the propagation ranches. We will establish the new thinking in the area of artificial reproductive technology for ranchers, and that will be helpful to promote their competitiveness.
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