Goat meat, chevon, and milk have been described as healthy functional foods in the ancient Chinese book, the Compendiun of Materia Medica written in 17th century. The output value of goat industry at national level is approximately 1.7 billion NT$ with the position next to pig, poultry and dairy cattle industries. The total number of goat is around 167,000 in 2012, including 112,000 of meat goat and 55,000 of dairy goat. The average farming scales are 49 and 171 head per farm for meat and dairy goat, respectively. Due to the high cost of production, the 2,294 metric tons of annual production of chevon shares only 10% of market demand. The majority of mutton and chevon are imported from Australia and New Zealand.
1980s was a milestone for the development of goat industry in Taiwan. Before this time, goats were grazed on rangeland and the farming was less efficient because of its labor consuming and parasite problem. After 1980s, intensive management in goat barn replaced extensive grazing and Anglo Nubian, a large frame of exotic breed was introduced for upgrading of indigenous goats. Nowadays, Nubian and its crosses are the major breeds of meat goat which share over 70% of local chevon. Though Boer goat was introduced to Taiwan in 2000s, it is not popular so far due to the white coat color and fatty carcass. Instead, a new breed of meat goat consisted of 87.5% Boer blood with solid black coat is now selecting by upgrading Nubian crosses with Black Boer. The alternative source of local chevon is castrated dairy males which shares the rest 30% of local chevon market. Currently, there are 53 certified restaurants where they serve cuisine of local chevon.
Dairy goat industry is one of the highly intensive animal industries in Taiwan. Alpine is the dominant breed over Saanen. Presently, these temperate originated animals have been selected as tropical lines of correspondent breed after 30 years of relocation and acclimation. Lactation traits of does are improved by using artificial insemination and French frozen semen. Technologies such as control of breeding season, embryo transfer and e-management have been developed and applied in dairy goat industry. Seventy percent of goat milk was processed and sold as warm drinks by milk plants while the rest 30% was processed on farm. Over 60% of fresh goat milk has been certified by putting the GGM stickers on milk bottles since 2001. Over 450 million of stickers have been issued up till the end of 2011.